Paris Catacombs: A Walk Through the Land of the Dead

Located just below the public square in Paris, Place Denfert-Rochereau, lie the remains of about 6 million people. Opened in the late 18th century, the remains are spread through a series of renovated tunnels and caverns that used to be Paris’ stone mines.

Paris’ graveyards and mass graves began overflowing and causing hazardous sanitary conditions, so in 1786 the transfer of all of Paris’ dead to the abandoned stone mines began, ultimately taking 2 years to complete. Initially, the bones were placed into a well in the area, and then were distributed throughout the mines by workers. For years the mines were simply used as a depository for the bones, with no organization or particular placement to them, however in 1810 Louis-Etienne Hericart de Thury began renovations to turn the depository into a mausoleum.

Besides housing long gone Parisian residents, the Catacombs have a history that is deeply intertwined into the history of France. For instance, the dead from the riots at Place de Greve, Hotel de Brienne, and Rue Meslee all found a resting place in the Catacombs. The French Resistance also used the tunnels during World War II and Nazi soldiers used the Catacombs as an underground bunker.

Today, the Catacombs are open to the public where you can wander the caverns and tunnels and bear witness to a history of Paris’ dead. In this week’s featured pictures we take you into the underground burial site beneath Paris.

The unassuming initial entry into the Catacombs

After following a long gravel corridor you reach the offical entry into the Catacombs

Interesting pattern of skulls make up this wall in the Catacombs

There is definitely no shortage of interesting artwork added to the Catacombs over the years. This picture shows a gargoyle carved into the wall by an urban caver, located in the off-limits area. Picture courtesy of Loupiote.Com

Massive amounts of skulls and assorted bones are strategically placed to form walls throughout the tunnels

A single cross surrounded by Paris' dead

Bones piled high on a tunnel floor

A tiny example of the large amount of interesting graffiti within the Catacombs

If you’re interested in seeing some video footage of the Catacombs:

Paris’ Museum of the History of Medicine

Step right up and see the fantastic world of…medieval and historical medical instruments and artifacts? Absolutely! The Museum of the History of Medicine, or Musée d’Histoire de la Médecine, is creepy – but the fantastic kind of creepy! This museum is nestled on a tiny little street named Rue de l’Ecole de Médecine in the heart of Paris. It’s actually housed upstairs in a giant university building, and can be hard to miss, but just follow the signs pointing the way once inside the university.

Once inside, you’ll be greeted with what seems to be a beautiful little museum – that is until you peer into the glass encasements. Behind the glass you’ll find a wonderfully creepy and weird display of old medicinal and surgical instruments and pieces – some of which seem more like they were used for torture than medicine. Take a look below at some of the pictures below to get an idea, but keep in mind that a picture hardly does them justice:

Medieval Doctor's Mask - This was worn specifically during the Black Plague epidemic and was thought to ward off the Plague and keep the doctor's safe.

Medieval Hand Powered Chain Saw - Ummm, scary?

Medieval Hearing Aid - Okay, not very creepy, but could you imagine using a shell as a hearing aid?

Not pictured here, but there’s even a table made completely out of human tissue, organs, a foot, and ears that was made and given to Napoleon. Yuck! In short, definitely make sure to add the Museum of the History of Medicine to your museum circuit while in Paris. You’ll also be happy to know, it’s only €3.50 a head. Inexpensive fun!

Visit the museum’s website for more information: http://www.parisdescartes.fr/fre/CULTURE/Musees/Musee-d-Histoire-de-la-Medecine

Not into creepy museums? Check out what the Louvre has going on here.